What is Periodontics?

Oral health is essential to overall wellness, and one of the key aspects of this health is gum care. Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the gums and dental support structures. In this article we will tell you what periodontics is, why it is important and how you can keep your gums in optimal condition.

What does Periodontics consist of?

Periodontics is a dental discipline that focuses on the study of periodontal diseases, which affect the gums and other tooth-supporting structures. Periodontists are dentists who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of these conditions, as well as surgical procedures related to gum health.

Why is Periodontics important?

Gums are essential for a healthy and functional mouth. They not only hold the teeth in place, but also protect the tooth roots and surrounding tissues. When gums are healthy, they form a barrier that prevents harmful bacteria from entering the bloodstream. However, when gums are diseased, they can weaken and lose that barrier function, which can lead to a number of oral and general health problems.

Common periodontal diseases

Periodontal diseases are a group of conditions that affect the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. Some of the most common periodontal diseases include:


Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums that is usually caused by the accumulation of dental plaque. Symptoms include red, swollen and bleeding gums during tooth brushing or flossing. Gingivitis is an early and treatable stage of periodontal disease.

2. Periodontitis

If gingivitis is not treated, it can progress to a more serious form of periodontal disease called periodontitis. At this stage, the gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets of infection. It can cause loss of bone and tooth-supporting tissue, which can eventually result in tooth loss.

3. Aggressive periodontitis

Aggressive periodontitis is a more rapid and destructive form of periodontal disease. It can affect young people and cause tooth loss in a short time.

4. Chronic periodontitis

Chronic periodontitis is a slower, more progressive form of the disease. Often, the symptoms are mild and may go unnoticed for a long time before they become evident. However, it can cause significant damage if left untreated.

How is Periodontics diagnosed and treated?

The periodontist is the professional in charge of diagnosing and treating periodontal diseases. Here is an overview of the process:


Visual and physical examination: The periodontist will examine your gums and perform a visual and physical evaluation to look for signs of periodontal disease, such as swollen gums, bleeding and periodontal pockets.

X-rays: Dental radiographs may be taken to evaluate the condition of the bones and tooth supporting structures.


Treatment of periodontal diseases depends on the severity of the condition and may include:

Deep cleaning or scaling and root planing: In cases of gingivitis or early periodontitis, the periodontist may perform a deep cleaning to remove accumulated plaque and tartar from the roots of the teeth.

Periodontal surgery: In more advanced cases, periodontal surgery may be necessary to eliminate pockets of infection, correct gum recession or regenerate damaged tissues.

Maintenance therapy: After initial treatment, it is important to follow a maintenance therapy program to prevent recurrence of the disease.

How to maintain healthy gums

Prevention is key to maintaining healthy gums and preventing periodontal disease. Here are some practices you can adopt:

1. Brushing and flossing

Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss daily to remove plaque and prevent bacteria buildup.

Regular visits to the dentist

Schedule regular dental checkups so your dentist can detect gum problems at an early stage and provide you with the necessary care.

3. Avoid smoking

Smoking and chewing tobacco significantly increase the risk of periodontal disease.

4. Healthy diet

A diet rich in fruits, vegetables and nutrient-rich foods is beneficial for gum health.

5. Stress management

Chronic stress can increase the risk of periodontal disease, so look for ways to manage the stress in your life.

6. Avoid bruxism

If you tend to clench or grind your teeth, consult your dentist for a protective device.


Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the health of the gums and supporting dental structures. Maintaining healthy gums is essential to prevent periodontal diseases that can have a negative impact on oral and overall health. Through good oral hygiene, regular dental visits and healthy lifestyle practices, you can protect your gums and enjoy a healthy smile for a lifetime. Don't underestimate the importance of caring for your gums; they are the foundation of a healthy smile.

Make an appointment now at the B & J Dental Clinic and our dentists specializing in periodontics will inform you about the treatment that best suits you.