White spots on the teeth, what are they?

Do you find it hard to smile because you have white spots on your teeth? Do you want to know why they occur, how they can be prevented and what are the most effective treatments for treating them?

If you want to recover your smile, the first step is to solve all your doubts about this type of imperfections. Do not lose detail and continue reading this article to answer the following question: what are white spots on teeth?

Causes of white spots on teeth

There are many and varied causes for the appearance of white spots on the teeth. Below we will present the most common ones, among which the appearance of caries or fluorosis stand out:

Bad eating habits

Excessive intake of very acidic foods or foods rich in sugars, as well as a diet deficient in magnesium, phosphorus or calcium may be one of the main causes of white spots on the teeth.

Insufficient oral hygiene

Good oral health habits are essential. This includes complete and correct cleaning of teeth, gums and tongue. This will prevent the appearance of diseases such as periodontitis. In the case of orthodontic patients, the brushing process should be very thorough to prevent the accumulation of bacterial plaque.

Appearance of caries

The first stage of caries is characterized by the appearance of white spots on the teeth.

Celiac disease

People with celiac disease often have white spots on their teeth, so there is a possibility that there is a direct relationship between the two circumstances. The best solution is to follow a proper diet.


Children between the ages of 9 months and 3 years who show signs of white spots on their teeth may be experiencing a excess fluoride in the development of their teeth. Pediatric dentists advise in this case to reduce the use of fluoride toothpastes and opt for specific toothpastes for children.

Lack of enamel mineralization 

The hypoplasia or lack of mineralization of the enamel can appear in both baby teeth and permanent teeth. In the first case it may be due to nutritional deficiencies during tooth development.


When oral hygiene is not correct we can be in front of a great focus of bacteria that cause the decalcification of the enamel. To avoid this, it is recommended to have an annual dental cleaning in a trusted clinic.

How to prevent white spots on teeth?

The best option to reduce the appearance of white spots on teeth is, as we have mentioned several times, maintaining good dental hygiene habits to avoid plaque build-upWhat should the brushing process be like? First of all, it is recommended that children use a toothpaste adapted to their age. As for adults, it is advisable to use toothpaste with fluoride to reinforce their enamel. 

A complete oral hygiene involves performing brushing after every meal and accompany it with the use of flossing and rinsing with mouth wash. It is also very important to have your teeth cleaned regularly at the dentist.

All this must be accompanied by a healthy and balanced diet in which calcium is present to avoid decalcification of the dental pieces. In addition, it is recommended to ingest the necessary daily amount of magnesium as well as raw fruits and vegetables, dairy products and nuts.

Best treatments for white stains on teeth

Some people do not pay attention to white spots on their teeth, but this lack of care can lead to tooth decay.

On the other hand, there are patients who decide to undergo a teeth whitening. In any case, it is essential that the treatment be carried out by a professional. This will determine which are the causes that have led to the appearance of white spots and, therefore, what will be the best treatment to be performed. Among the most common are:


When the stains are at a first level and are not very deep, microabrasion is usually performed. This consists of polishing the layer on the surface of the tooth.

Dental veneers

The dental veneers are a kind of laminates that protect the tooth from external factors in addition to matching its color. If the stains are very deep, or we are facing a case of fluorosis, it will be the best option.

Do you need to treat white stains on your teeth with a professional dentist near you? Get in touch with contact already with the B & J Dental Clinic or pay us a visit in any of our offices in the Horseshoe y GabiasMake an appointment now and show off your smile!